Galzignano Terme is on the central-Eastern part of the Euganean Hills. It borders on:
- Teolo and Torreglia (North)
- Montegrotto, Battaglia Terme and Monselice (East)
- Arquà Petrarca and a little part of Baone (South)
- Cinto Euganeo, Vo' Euganeo (West).
It is part of the Regional Park of Euganean Hills (composed of 14 other municipalities in the same area) and it contains 18,15 km2; 11 km2 ( 60%) of the park is hilly.
Galzignano has a population of 4435 inhabitants (in 2009).
This municipality includes the localities of Valsanzibio and other centers scattered along the valleys (Momoli, Mondonego, Canova, Regazzoni, Ventoloni, Porto, Bagnarolo, Cingolina and Civrana).
The territory is composed of hills and creeks (called Calti) and another part of valleys. These valleys go down to 3 meters below sea level (in the Eastern part, not far from Battaglia Terme).
The territory of Galzignano is uneven: it goes from hills, to valleys to level ground.
The main mountains in the area are: Mt. Marco (350 meters), Mt. Orsara (362 meters), a part of Mt.Rua (until 320 meters), Mt. Siesa (127 meters), Mt. Zogo (149 meters), Mt. Delle Valli (184 meters), Mt. Cimisella (130 meters), at end the highest peak of the Euganean Hills: Mt Venda (603 meters). In the center there is the group of little hills Castellazzo from 100 to 230 meters. Towards South-West there are Mt. Orbieso, Mt. Gallo and Mt Peraro which are between 330 and 370 meters. The level ground of the town has been reclaimed and there are not many residential zones.
Geology of the territory
The origin of Euganean Hills comes from underwater volcanos. The lava from the volcanic eruptions was rapidly cooled by the water of the sea all around and this phenomenon created many forms of different rocks.
Each hill has been created from a different volcanic eruption so everyone of them is unique.
Weather and rainfall
Galzignano Terme is characterized by Mediterranean and continental climate: there are hard winters (especially in January) and hot summers (especially in July), with the lowest temperature of -1,7°C (winter) and the highest of 28°C (summer); the average temperature is 13°C.
There is a fair amount of rainfall: 920 mm within a year.
The Mediterranean climate prevails on the Southern part of the town, on the contrary there is a harsher climate on the Northern part and on the valleys (Valsanzibio, Valle di Cengolina, etc).
It can also be very humid and foggy, especially in autumn and winter. The wind can be strong but thanks to the position of the hills it is less hard on the town.